A major challenge to good governance,
transnational trafficking in human beings has been a serious problem for
years in West Africa. Attempts to understand the phenomenon have then been
initiated, which unfortunately have resulted in contradictory viewpoints
amongst researchers and the impacted populations. Indeed, seen by some as
a mere entertainment, a source of profit, or an abstract notion with no
influence and no bearing upon their lives, transnational human trafficking is,
in contrast, considered by others as a crucial preoccupation, a deadly reality
that has drastically influenced their daily routines. Complex in its nature and
forms, transnational human trafficking has raised deep divisions on issues of principles,
theories, perceptions, and the strategy to address it; hence the necessity for domestic
and international actors to pay serious attention on the phenomenon. My present work
seeks to provide an in-depth understanding of the phenomenon, its causes and consequences
while trying to draw out suggestions and recommendations which could contribute to better
strengthen the West African regional security framework. In a word, governance in West Africa
needs to be transformed into an effective cooperative framework where enhancing the dignity of
human beings and their rights becomes a priority.
Wilfried Relwende Sawadogo
is from Burkina Faso and holds bachelor's and master's degrees from the University of
Ouagadougou as well as a master's degree from Ming Chuan University, Taiwan.
He is currently a Ph.D. student, Politics and International Relations,
University of Reading, UK.